Mondiaal record aan investeringen in hernieuwbare energie

Mondiaal record aan investeringen in hernieuwbare energie

1 juni 2016Vorig jaar werd wereldwijd € 254 mrd geïnvesteerd in hernieuwbare energie, een record. En heel opmerkelijk: de armere landen investeerden meer dan de rijkste landen. Dat blijkt uit een rapport van REN21 over het jaar 2015. 

160601-REN21-GSRUit het persbericht van REN21 (het Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century)
‘(…) Today REN21 published the most comprehensive annual overview of the state of renewable energy. The Renewables 2016 Global Status Report reveals that renewables are now firmly established as competitive, mainstream sources of energy in many countries around the world.

2015 was a record year for renewable energy installations. Renewable power generating capacity saw its largest increase ever, with an estimated 147 gigawatts (GW) added. Modern renewable heat capacity also continued to rise, and renewables use expanded in the transport sector. Distributed renewable energy is advancing rapidly to close the gap between the energy haves- and have-nots.

These results were driven by several factors. First and foremost, renewables are now cost competitive with fossil fuels in many markets.

In addition, government leadership continues to play a key role in driving the growth of renewables, particularly wind and solar, in the power sector. As of early 2016, 173 countries had renewable energy targets in place and 146 countries had support policies. Cities, communities and companies are leading the rapidly expanding “100% renewable” movement, playing a vital role in advancing the global energy transition.

Additional growth factors include better access to financing, concerns about energy security and the environment and the growing demand for modern energy services in developing and emerging economies.

Christine Lins, Executive Secretary of REN21, said, “What is truly remarkable about these results is that they were achieved at a time when fossil fuel prices were at historic lows, and renewables remained at a significant disadvantage in terms of government subsidies. For every dollar spent boosting renewables, nearly four dollars were spent to maintain our dependence on fossil fuels.”

2015 was a record year not only for new installations, but also for investment – reaching USD 286 billion worldwide in renewable power and fuels; if investment in large hydropower (>50 MW) and in heating and cooling is taken into account, the total is far higher. With China accounting for more than one third of the global total, developing countries surpassed developed countries in total renewable energy investments for the first time.

With increased investment came an increase in technological advances, cost reductions and jobs. There are now 8.1 million people working in the renewable energy sector – representing steady growth in stark contrast with depressed labour markets in the broader energy sector.

REN21’s Renewables 2016 Global Status Report presents developments and trends through the end of 2015, as well as observed trends from early 2016 where available. This means that accelerated action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions stemming from the Paris Climate Agreement in December is not reflected in the results.

While trends are generally positive, the report highlights several challenges that remain to be addressed if governments are to fulfill their commitments to achieve a global transition away from fossil fuels.

These include: achieving effective integration of high shares of renewables into the grid; addressing policy and political instability, regulatory barriers, and fiscal constraints. Further, there is far less policy focus on transport and, particularly, heating and cooling, so these sectors are progressing much more slowly.

Arthouros Zervos, Chair of REN21: “The renewables train is barreling down the tracks, but it’s running on 20th century infrastructure – a system based on outdated thinking where conventional baseload is generated by fossil fuels and nuclear power. To accelerate the transition to a healthier, more-secure and climate-safe future, we need to build the equivalent of a high-speed rail network – a smarter, more flexible system that maximises the use of variable sources of renewable energy, and accommodates decentralised and community-based generation.” (…)’


China grootste investeerder

Uit een bericht van De Morgen
‘(…) De armere landen in de wereld investeerden in 2015 meer in hernieuwbare energie dan de rijkste landen. (…) Hoewel het vaak geportretteerd wordt als een vervuilend, steenkoolverslindend land, voert China de lijst van grootste investeerders in groene energie aan. Ze worden gevolgd door de Verenigde Staten, Japen, het Verenigd Koninkrijk en India. In die lijst werd wel geen rekening gehouden met grote hydro- en biomassacentrales.
Als het geïnvesteerde bedrag vergeleken wordt met het BBP, wordt Mauritanië de verrasende lijstaanvoerder, voor Honduras, Uruguay, Marokko en Jamaica.
Europa komt heel wat minder goed uit het rapport. De Europese landen tekenen gezamenlijk immers voor de grootste daling in investeringen. Europa investeerde in 2015 48,8 miljard pond (63 miljard euro). Dat is 21 procent minder dan het jaar voordien, hoewel Europa in 2015 wel een recordbedrag in offshore windenergie investeerde. (…)’

Ondanks de subsidies voor fossiel

Uit een bericht van The Independent
‘(…) Christine Lins, REN21’s executive secretary, pointed out this record level of growth had been achieved despite governments around the world heavily subsidising fossil fuels. “What is truly remarkable about these results is that they were achieved at a time when fossil fuel prices were at historic lows, and renewables remained at a significant disadvantage in terms of government subsidies,” she said. “For every dollar spent boosting renewables, nearly four dollars were spent to maintain our dependence on fossil fuels.” (…)’

Europa blijft sterk achter

Uit een bericht van het FD
‘(…) Europa blijft sterk achter. Uitgaven aan schone energie zijn in 2015 met 21% gedaald. Offshore windenergie vormt een uitzondering. Het geïnstalleerd vermogen in Europa groeide met 28% naar 12 gigawatt (GW). Hernieuwbare energie is nu goed voor 44% van de totale Europese capaciteit. (…)’

Auteur: Redactie

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