Ruwe olie-export uit de Verenigde Staten: Netherlands second
29 maart 2017 – In 2016, het tweede jaar de de Verenigde Staten ruwe olie exporteert, groeide de hoeveelheid geëxporteerde olie met 12 procent en het aantal bestemmingen van 10 naar 26. Canada ontvangt de meeste olie, 58 procent. Nederland staat op de tweede plaats, Curacao op de derde.
Nederland ontvangt iets meer dan 38.000 vaten ruwe olie per dag uit de Verenigde Staten, aldus de US Energy Information Administration (EIA). Curacao voert dagelijks zo’n 30.000 vaten in. Het gaat om ruwe olie die ter plekke wordt gebruikt of wordt doorgevoerd naar andere landen.
Uit het bericht van de EIA
‘(…) In 2016, U.S. crude oil exports averaged 520,000 barrels per day (b/d), 55,000 b/d (12%) above the 2015 level, despite a year-over-year decline in domestic crude oil production. Even though oil exports have increased, growth in U.S. crude oil exports has slowed significantly from its pace from 2013 to 2015, when annual U.S. crude oil production grew rapidly.
Following the removal of restrictions on U.S. crude oil exports in December 2015, the United States exported crude oil to 26 different countries in 2016, compared with 10 countries the previous year. In 2015, 92% of U.S. crude oil exports went to Canada, which was exempt from U.S. crude oil export restrictions. After restrictions were lifted, Canada remained the top destination but received only 58% of U.S. crude exports in 2016.
Aside from Canada, European destinations such as the Netherlands, Italy, United Kingdom, and France rank high on the list of U.S. crude oil export destinations. The second-largest regional destination is Asia, including China, Korea, Singapore, and Japan. In 2016, the United States exported to eight different Central and South American destinations, including Curacao, Colombia, and Peru. (…)
Several factors appear to have contributed to the rise in U.S. crude oil exports in 2016. Increased crude oil imports in 2016 substituted for some domestic crude oil at U.S. refineries, allowing higher exports despite lower U.S. production and increased refinery runs. Low tanker rates for most of 2016 helped to narrow the price spread needed to allow for an economically attractive trade between the United States and overseas markets. With the average daily volume of crude imports more than 12 times the average daily volume of crude exports, many tankers were available for back-haul voyages at rates significantly below regular tanker rates, likely further reducing the cost of reaching export markets. (…)’
EIA, 28 maart 2017: U.S. crude oil exports went to more destinations in 2016
EIA, 28 maart 2017: This Week in Petroleum: U.S. crude oil exports went to more destinations in 2016
Foto: FluxEnergie/© Paul Tolenaar