’s Werelds eerste windpark op zee gaat met pensioen
17 maart 2017 – ’s Werelds oudste offshore windpark, Vindeby Offshore Wind Farm, gaat met pensioen. Het Deense energiebedrijf Dong is gestart met de ontmanteling van Vindeby, dat met elf turbines in meer dan 25 jaar 243 gigawattuur opwekte en van groot belang was voor de offshore windindustrie, aldus Dong.
Vindeby – elf turbines op 1,5 tot 3 kilometer uit de kust in het zuidoosten van Denemarken – werd in 1991 aangesloten op het Deense grid. Het was de start van de offshore windindustrie die nu miljoenen huishoudens van groene stroom voorziet en in Denemarken voor 30.000 banen zorgt, aldus Dong.
Uit het bericht van Dong
‘(…) Leif Winther, responsible for DONG Energy’s Danish offshore wind farms:
“Vindeby Offshore Wind Farm is almost miniature-size in comparison with the giant projects which are now being realised in Northern Europe. But without the experience gained from the world’s first offshore wind farm, we wouldn’t be where we are today. It’s fair to say that Vindeby is the cradle of the offshore wind industry, and that this is where the industry was born,” says Leif Winther.
From pioneer work to global industry
It was pioneers from the former Elkraft power company who experimented with installing wind turbines in shallow waters. Since the birth of Vindeby, offshore wind farms have reached utility-scale, and a single one of the largest turbines available today produces more power than the entire Vindeby Offshore Wind Farm. (…)
Facts about the decommissioning
When the wind turbines at Vindeby were installed in 1991, they were lifted into place in one piece, but when decommissioning begins in March 2017, the blades, nacelle and tower will be dismantled and taken down individually by a mobile crane on board a jack-up vessel. The concrete foundations will be broken down on site, mainly by hydraulic demolition shears, and collected afterwards.
All wind turbine components and foundations will be sent onshore to Nyborg Harbour where the components will be reused as much as possible as spare parts for other wind turbines. Some of the blades will become part of a research project at DTU Risø while others will be reused in an innovative noise barrier concept. One wind turbine will also become part of the exhibition at ‘Energimuseet’ (the Danish Museum of Energy). Components that are not immediately reusable will be transported to a certified recovery company. (…)’
Dong Energy, 15 maart 2017: The world’s first offshore wind farm is retiring
Foto: EWEA (Installatie eerste windturbines Vindeby 1991)