Wereldwijd 18% minder investeringen in groene energie, ondanks record wind-op-zee
13 januari 2017 – Ondanks dat 2016 een recordjaar was voor wind-op-zee is er wereldwijd vorig jaar 18% minder geïnvesteerd in groene energie. Voor een deel komt dat door goed nieuws: de daling van de kosten van zonnepanelen.
In 2016 werd er wereldwijd $ 288 mrd (€ 270 mrd) geïnvesteerd in nieuwe groene energie, een daling van 18%. Dat blijkt uit de nieuwste cijfers van Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF).
Uit het persbericht van Bloomberg
‘(…) The 2016 setback in global investment, signaled in advance by weak quarterly figures during the course of last year, partly reflected further sharp falls in equipment prices, particularly in solar photovoltaics. However, there was also a marked cooling in two key markets, China and Japan. Clean energy investment in China in 2016 was $87.8bn, down 26% on the all-time high of $119.1bn reached in 2015, while the equivalent figure for Japan was $22.8bn, down 43%.
Justin Wu, head of Asia for BNEF, said: “After years of record-breaking investment driven by some of the world’s most generous feed-in tariffs, China and Japan are cutting back on building new large-scale projects and shifting towards digesting the capacity they have already put in place. (…)
Offshore wind was the brightest spot in the global clean energy investment picture in 2016. Capital spending commitments to this technology hit $29.9bn in 2016, up 40% on the previous year, as developers took advantage of improved economics, resulting from bigger turbines and better construction knowhow.
Last year’s record offshore wind tally included the go-ahead for the largest ever project, Dong Energy’s 1.2GW Hornsea array off the UK coast, at a cost of $5.7bn – plus 14 other parks of more than 100MW, worth anywhere between $391m and $3.9bn, in British, German, Belgian, Danish and Chinese waters.
Jon Moore, chief executive of BNEF, commented: “The offshore wind record last year shows that this technology has made huge strides in terms of cost-effectiveness, and in proving its reliability and performance. Europe saw $25.8bn of offshore wind investment, but there was also $4.1bn in China, and new markets are set to open up in North America and Taiwan.”
Total capacity clean energy
Even though overall investment in clean energy was down in 2016, the total capacity installed was not. Estimates from BNEF’s analysis teams are that a record 70GW of solar were added last year, up from 56GW in 2015, plus 56.5GW of wind, down from 63GW but the second-highest figure ever. (…)
Europe was up 3% at $70.9bn, helped by offshore wind and also by the biggest onshore wind project ever financed – the 1GW, $1.3bn Fosen complex in Norway. The UK led the European field for the third successive year, with investment of $25.9bn, up 2%, while Germany was second at $15.2bn, down 16%. France got $3.6bn, down 5%, and Belgium $3bn, up 179%, while Denmark was 102% higher at $2.7bn, Sweden up 85% at $2bn and Italy up 11% at $2.3bn. (…)’
Bloomberg New Energy Finance, persbericht, 12 januari 2017: Record $30bn year for offshore wind but overall investment down
Foto: Dong Energy