Chinese windturbinemaker Goldwind wordt grootste ter wereld
23 februari 2016 – Het Chinese Goldwind is nu de grootste windturbineproducent ter wereld. Daarmee komt een einde aan ruim dertig jaar Europese en Amerikaanse dominantie op de windenergiemarkt.
Goldwind, geregistreerd in Hong Kong, ging vorig jaar het Deense Vestas en het Amerikaanse General Electric voorbij met geïnstalleerde vermogen aan windmolens. Dat concludeert FTI Consulting in het Global Wind Market Update – Demand & Supply 2015 Report. Het rapport komt in maart uit, maar FTI Consulting kwam alvast naar buiten met de voorlopige conclusies.
Van de top 10 grootste turbinefabrikanten, zijn er vijf Chinees, aldus FTI Consulting. “For the wind industry, 2015 is the year of China,” zegt Feng Zhao, Senior Director van FTI-CL Energy.
Uit het bericht van FTI Consulting
‘(…) Goldwind’s rise to the top of the rankings of wind turbine OEMs reflects the extraordinary growth seen in the Chinese wind market in 2015, with over 30GW of installations. Total global installations in 2015 were over 63GW, according to FTI Intelligence. (…)’
Goldwind domineert de Chinese markt, verantwoordelijk voor meer dan een kwart van de gebouwde turbines, zo stelt Bloomberg New Energy Finance. Maar het bedrijf breidt ook uit in de Verenigde Staten, Chili, Ecuador, Pakistan en Ethiopië.
In de offshore windsector was Siemens met ruime voorsprong de grootste windmolenmaker, aldus BNEF.
De andere voorlopige conclusies van het Global Wind Market Update – Demand & Supply 2015 Report:
- A record year: 2015 was another record year for the wind industry. The 63+GW of wind energy installation represents over 20 percent year-over-year growth. Wind accounted for 44 percent of all new generation capacity added in the EU last year, more than any other energy source. In the U.S., wind also surpassed natural gas as the largest power generation source installed in 2015.
- Record breaking offshore wind year: 2015 was the best year ever for offshore wind despite Chinese offshore wind development being slower than expected. Annual installations in 2015 passed the 3GW milestone, three times greater than the previous year. This was mainly driven by record breaking growth in Germany where more than 2.3GW was connected in the past 12 months.
- Positive commitment at COP21: On 12 December 2015, delegates from 195 different countries gathered at the COP21climate change summit in Paris, and adopted an agreement by which all countries vow to cut their carbon emissions in order to fight climate change. The Paris Agreement sends a strong signal to the business and political world that the global transition to clean energy is unstoppable, but key issues including supply-side flexibility, demand-side management and energy storage still need to be addressed.
- Positive U.S. regulatory developments: In the middle of December 2015, the U.S. Congress reached agreement on a five-year phase out plan for production tax credit (“PTC”) and the alternative investment tax credit (“ITC”) extension. This better-than-expected policy outcome creates policy certainty, which is key for stable market growth, and a path for the industry to make further R&D investments to reduce the cost of wind energy. In addition, the revised Clean Power Plan, aiming to cut carbon emissions from power sector by 32 percent by 2030 compared with the 2005 level, placed significant emphasis on renewable energy sources albeit opponents are still fighting the plan and the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision has put this plan on hold.
- Moving into competitive auctions: Moving away from feed-in tariffs and/or green power certificates into competitive power auctions (tenders) driven by EU State Aid Guidelines has brought some uncertainty to major European onshore wind markets, such as Germany and Poland. In addition, the UK government’s plan to close the Renewable Obligation scheme a year ahead of schedule has also added uncertainty to onshore market, and installation is expected to fall after the “grace period.”
- Increased consolidation: There has been an expected acceleration in M&A activity in the last 12 months, with deals both on the original equipment manufacturing side (GE/Alstom power business and Blade Dynamics, Nordex/Acciona, ZF/Bosh Rexroth wind turbine gearbox segment) and on the service market side (Vestas/Upwind and Availon). This trend is expected to continue in what has become a growing and increasingly competitive sector as OEMs like Siemens look to snap up rivals in order to quickly gain scale and market share.
- Low electricity prices challenging utility model: Low wholesale electricity prices, prompted by overcapacity in generation and sluggish demand, and transformation of energy landscape across the European continent have forced major European-based utilities including E.On and RWE to restructure their businesses by separating renewable businesses from conventional power generation and with renewables taking the majority of their growth investments in the coming years.
- The Yieldco model: Yieldcos have represented an efficient vehicle to access capital for clean energy projects on both sides of the Atlantic. However, the U.S. Yieldco model – premised on dividend growth – faces challenges in its current guise, but the more modestly-levered UK yieldco model has proven more resilient.
- Growth in the Corporate PPA market: In 2015, U.S. corporations lead by technology giants Google, Microsoft and Apple contracted 2GW of renewable energy capacity through Power Purchase Agreements (“PPAs”). Capacity contracted though such agreements doubled from 500MW in 2013 to over 1GW in 2014. Growth momentum is expected to stay as renewable PPA prices have become increasingly competitive, with solar and wind PPAs falling inline or below wholesale electricity prices in 2015, and more than 150 companies have signed the American Business Act on Climate Pledge.
- Continued platform based OEM development: Wind turbine OEMs including Vestas, GE, Siemens, Gamesa, Senvion and Nordex continued to invest on platform-based turbine development (platformization/modularization) in 2015 and upgraded the 3MW+ machines upon tested, reliable and well-proven technology in order to boost production and in turn drive down the cost of wind energy. Those new turbine models with higher power outputs, longer blades and taller towers have unlocked wind power as a potential energy resource in the sort of ultra-low-wind and complex-terrain sites. (…)’
FTI Consulting, 23 februari 2016: China’s Goldwind Displaces Vestas to Claim First Place in Global Wind Market
Bloomberg New Energy Finance, 22 februari 2016: In a first, Chinese firm tops annual ranking of wind turbine makers
Financial Times, 23 februari 2016: China’s Goldwind becomes world’s largest wind turbine maker
Foto: Goldwind Global